Indian Traditional Knowledge Vs. US Patents

Traditional knowledge is nothing but an intellectual property or expertise which was formulated, sustained, and passed on to other generations by ancient people. It is, of course, the cultural identity of a country. Indeed, specific traditional knowledge of India is not protected as of intellectual property.
This would result in issues related to the use of traditional knowledge of a country by other individuals.Thus there is a need to protect the traditional knowledge of various countries. The Indian government has taken serious steps in the documentation of Indian traditional knowledge. Therefore patent filing in India is simple, but it takes a long time, which should be done to protect an Intellectual property.
Here you can know about some of the patent issues or scenarios and the situations where others used the Indian traditional knowledge.

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library
The TKDL is a serious initiative of the Indian government to protect the Indian Traditional Knowledge. This digital library helps to access the traditional knowledge, ancient findings, and medicinal facts of India. It is possible to refer to information or collection of records that are not available with International patent offices. There are several patents offered erroneously, and thus, this digital library was set up the Indian government with great efforts. There are texts available in this digital library which details about the Indian medical system, which includes Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, Yoga, and several others. All these texts are accessible in different languages.

The following are some of the notable cases that resulted in issues related to the traditional knowledge of India.

Turmeric Patent
Turmeric is a native plant of India which is a tropical herb used for medicinal purposes. In India, turmeric is widely used as a food ingredient, medicine, natural dye, and several other purposes. Some of the therapeutic benefits of turmeric are to treat cold, purify the blood, and skin infections. It is considered as an antiseptic and anti-parasitic. Thus in the year, 1995 US offered a Patent for turmeric to the University of Mississippi for its healing property. Therefore based on the patent, the exclusive rights for the sale and distribution of turmeric were offered to the Medical center of Mississippi. The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research filed an objection for the turmeric patent provided by the US. The council submitted the proofs of traditional knowledge on turmeric and its properties. It was challenging to find published information on the medicinal properties of turmeric. Nearly 32 references were found on different languages on the Indian traditional knowledge of turmeric. Thus the patent offered was revoked stating that the turmeric was in use ever since from the ancient days. Therefore the traditional knowledge of India was safeguarded.

Neem Patent
This tree was known for its various medicinal benefits in India. But the patent for this tree was applied by W.R Grace, a Patent office of USA. The applicant claimed that neem was used to fight against fungal actions. An opposition was filed by India to cancel the patent offered by the research foundation of science in Delhi. The bark, leaves, twigs, seeds, flowers of the neem tree was used for specific medicinal purposes. The tree can treat skin infections and dermatological problems. After submission of evidence of the use of neem tree and its products from the ancient times patent offered was revoked. Again the traditional knowledge of India was again safeguarded.

Basmati Patent
The US patent office offered patent to Basmati rice to Ricetec. It is aromatic rice which is grown in India and Pakistan several centuries back. Rice is the staple food of the Asian countries, and the farmers worked hard to come up with a distinct variety of rice. Ricetec applied for a patent for a particular strand of rice variety called Basmati to the US patent office. Thus to control the production and sale of this high-quality variety of rice, the patent was applied. Plant protection was a proponent in the US, and hence the patent application for the rice variety was accepted. Thus the rice was labeled as Superior Basmati Rice. Ricetec somehow tried and protected its patent rights of the rice variety. Thus TKDL played a vital role in the protection of traditional knowledge of India.


Truck Accident Attorneys – Truck Accident Injury Claims

It is the nature of large commercial trucks, that when they crash, they cause tremendous damage. This includes damage to other vehicles, and even buildings, but worst of all, truck accidents cause severe and fatal injuries. It is very common for survivors of truck accidents to live with permanent disability, pain, and secondary health problems. If you have been injured in a truck accident, our truck accident attorneys can help.personal injury lawyers

Common truck accident injuries include:

Brain injury
Spinal cord injury
Crush injury
Back injury
Neck injury
Severe burns
Chemical burns
Broken bones and fractures
Soft tissue injuries
Internal injuries
Facial injury
Exposure to toxic fumes

The Real Cost of Severe Injuries
The immediate costs of severe injuries are usually presented quite clearly in your medical bills, lost income, and other existing expenses. The long-term expenses are more elusive and difficult to determine. While your immediate costs can run in the tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars for medical care alone, the life-time cost of severe injuries can dwarf the cost of your initial care.

The long-term outcome of severe injury can be difficult to predict, as well. While we encourage you to hold out hope for a full recovery, we also know that permanent disability and the need for life-long medical care is a very real possibility with many types of injury. Our truck accident attorneys will help you get the compensation which can pay for your real long-term medical expenses.

Compensation for your truck accident injuries should pay for more than just the most basic care. It should give you access to the latest, most advanced treatments which give you the highest possibility of being restored to your pre-accident level of function, comfort, and health.truck accident lawyers

Your opponents, such as the trucking company and its insurance company, will try to underplay your medical needs. When you work with our truck accident attorneys, and have incurred severe injuries, your personal litigation team will include medical experts who help explain and prove to the court just how serious and expensive your injuries truly are.

If you or a loved one has been injured or killed by in a truck accident, please call our truck accident attorneys. The initial consultation with our truck accident attorneys is free, and if we agree to represent you, we will work for a contingent fee, which means we won’t get paid for our services unless you receive a settlement or an award. A truck accident lawsuit must be filed before the expiration of the statute of limitations. Please call right away to ensure that you do not waive your right to possible compensation.


Accident Attorneys – Personal Injury Law

Anyone who spends time in a big city know that cars are far from the only form of transportation. People moving around in all sorts of ways must share the compressed space that exists in the city. As a result of this crowded reality, accidents occur every day that necessitate the help of experienced injury lawyers. Below is a look at some of the different types of accidents that can occur and the dangers presented in each.car accident attorneys

Auto Accidents
Auto accidents remain the most common type of collisions that take place in the city, and these accidents can include collisions involving private vehicles, taxi cabs and police cruisers among others. Auto accidents are extremely violent occurrences that usually lead to at least one injury. Please visit this website

Trucking Accidents
Truckers have a difficult job, as they must navigate enormous vehicles that can weigh up to 80,000 pounds. This is especially difficult in a busy large city, where traffic and general congestion only add to this difficulty. When trucking accidents occur, they often leave a wake of devastation behind given the massive size and force generated by these vehicles.

Bus Accidents
Bus accidents occur with alarming regularity, and these accidents can include vehicles that include city buses, charter buses that are common with tourists and school buses. Much like large trucks, buses are enormous vehicles that are difficult to maneuver at close range, which means that collisions involving these vehicles tend to result in multiple injuries.

Motorcycles are generally a good option, especially during the warmer months. They offer economic efficiency, easier parking and increased maneuverability through traffic. However, motorcyclists are also completely exposed to the elements around them, which means that when a crash occurs there is little to protect them from serious injuries.

Bicyclists are also a common sight around the city, and those who use this mode of transportation often make this choice for many of the same reasons as those who drive motorcycles. However, bicyclists are even more vulnerable to serious injuries than motorcyclists. They are just as exposed to injury, but they are not able to avoid collisions given their lack of acceleration capabilities.

Almost any visitor to the city will marvel at the number of people out walking the streets at any given time. While there is generally safety in numbers, packs of people crossing busy streets is a common sight, and those who do so face the possibility of being seriously harmed by larger, faster and sturdier vehicles at any given time.personal injury lawyers

Clearly, the number of ways in which someone can be injured by a traffic collision is high. If you or someone you love has been injured in any way by someone else, you need the help of experienced auto accident lawyers who understand what it takes to successfully fight for justice for those who need the help. Contact us today to schedule a free initial consultation.